According to Laura Yao.
Only in Sparta did women possess economic power and influence.
Only in Sparta did girls engage in sports and receive public education — in other city-states, most women were completely illiterate. Scandalized observers from other Greek cities commented that not only did Spartan women have opinions, they were not afraid to voice them in public; and worse still — their husbands listened to them!
The status of women in most of the Greek world, and particularly in Athens, was similar to the status of women under the Taliban today.
Wives were acquired strictly for the purpose of the production of legitimate heirs, and sexual pleasure was sought from boys, slaves, and prostitutes who were also unfree in explicitly lopsided relationships in which the free, adult male dominated and demeaned the object of his sexual attentions.
The wives and daughters of citizens were excluded from all public and intellectual activities, were kept inside behind locked doors, and were not allowed to exercise or eat as well as their brothers or husbands. Women could not inherit or own property, and it was not considered wise to educate them.
It is against the backdrop of this essentially misogynous world, where women were deemed "a curse to mankind" and "a plague worse than fire or any viper" Euripidesthat the status of Spartan women must be judged. Spartan women were not as free as modern women. Their primary role in society was that of wives and mothers.
Their fathers chose their husbands for them, and they were honored most for producing sons. They did not have the right to vote but then they weren't expected to spend forty years in the army, eitherand they could not be elected to public office.
Nevertheless, they enjoyed status and rights that were exceptional in ancient Greece and were the scandal of the ancient world.
The greater freedom and status of Spartan women began at birth. Sparta's laws required female infants and children to be given the same care and food as their brothers — in contrast to other Greek cities, where girls were more likely to be exposed rejected and killed at birth, were fed on a less nutritious diet than their brothers, and were prevented from getting exercise or even fresh air.
Furthermore, like their brothers, Spartan girls attended the public school, although for a shorter period of time than the boys. At school they were allowed and encouraged to engage in sports. But, as Plato points out in his Protagoras dthis education was not purely physical.
On the contrary, in Sparta "not only men but also women pride themselves on their intellectual culture. When girls reached sexual maturity, they were not rushed — as were their sisters throughout the rest of the ancient world — into marriage, thereby suffering psychological and physical injury from premature sex and frequently dying early in childbed.
On the contrary, the Spartan laws explicitly advocated marrying girls only after they had reached an age to "enjoy sex. Nor were Spartan girls married to much older men, as was usual in other Greek cities.
It is estimated that most Spartan wives were only four to five years younger than their husbands. The fact that much of Sparta's concern was for the production of healthy children does not detract from the fact that the laws protected girls from early marriage.
All Greek marriages were for procreation, but in other cities men were willing to accept the inevitable higher death rates and other physical consequences of forcing sex on young girls for the sake of indulging their own preference for sex with children.
For more details, see the essay on Sexuality. Because Sparta's male citizens were required to devote their lives to the military and other forms of public service, Sparta's matrons ran the estates of their husbands. This meant that Spartan wives controlled the family wealth — and, in effect, the entire Spartan agricultural economy.
Trade and manufacturing were in the hands of the perioikoi — see the essay on Economy.A prison, also known as a correctional facility, jail, gaol (dated, British and Australian English), penitentiary (American English), detention center (American English), remand center, or internment facility (commonly used term in military theatres of war/involvement) is a facility in which inmates are forcibly confined and denied a variety of freedoms under the authority of the state.
Groups suffering disadvantages in society: Women Essay Sample Introduction Throughout history, women have always been known to hold less power than men in society.
Women are directly adapted to act as the nurses and educators of our early childhood, for the simple reason that they themselves are childish, foolish, and short-sighted — in a word, are big children all their lives, something intermediate between the child and the man, who is a man in the strict sense of the word.
Traumatic Stress in Women Veterans Women's changing role in our military. A growing number of women are serving in the US military.
In , 11 of every Veterans (or 11%) from the Afghanistan and Iraq military operations were women.
Douglass doesn't talk about women very often, and when he does, he usually associates them with suffering. Perhaps because the nineteenth-century South was a time and a place where women were supposed to be shielded from danger, Douglass makes a special point of describing the traumatic sight of female slaves being beaten and abused.
Custom War Causes More Suffering for Women Essay Writing Service || War Causes More Suffering for Women Essay samples, help War is a word that reminds humankind suffering, pain, and sorrow.
Many have lost their beloved persons as a result of war.