In reality, a manager has to use the existing resources for a given task, and must have the ability to understand the differences in individual behaviors and use them appropriately to increase the synergy. In order to understand individual behavior and personalities, it is important to understand the basics of human cognition. Integrated human behavior model I have formulated an abstract model of human behavior which explains the process that produces the individual differences.
Factors influencing political behavior of individuals in the organization Posted Date: Jyoti Malhotra Member Level: These factors can be broadly categorised into individual and organisational factors.
There are individual factors where individuals play politics to satisfy their personal needs. These personal or individuals needs are like to gain power for control and to influence decision-making process of the organisation. The aim of such individuals is to increase the area of their influence.
They try to sustain power as it helps to obtain personal needs and fulfill desires. In organistions, individuals play politics as they have great desire and high need of gaining power.
Such types of individuals are basically internals and self monitored people. There are many individuals who play politics because of their expectation of quick success in life at any cost. There are some of the organisational factors that influence the individuals to play politics in the organisations.
These factors are as follows: Limited Resources in the organisation: It results in making individuals getting engaged themselves in politics to get the maximum advantage of the distribution of resources.
Interpretation of limited resources: The individual who craves for such resources feels that they may be deprived of such resources in the process of distribution of resources and so they play politics in the organisation.
The politics playing in the organization becomes measure to pressurize authority to withdraw control and lower the performance target. Affecting lower level persons:Political scientists study the behavior of individuals and groups within a political environment.
They contribute to understanding the dynamics of power centers, structuring of conflict and conflict resolutions tactics, allocation of power and how people manipulate power for individual self-interest. Mar 13, · Organizational Factors Which Contribute to Political Behavior Types of organizational politics Break Existing Political Fiefdoms Organizational politics should support organizational interests, not individual interests.
The CEO possesses legitimate power over all other managers and has. ADVERTISEMENTS: Some of the factors affecting Individual Behavior in an organization are as follows: I.
Personal Factors: The personal factors which influence the individual behaviour can be classified into two categories: ADVERTISEMENTS: A. Biographic Characteristics B. Learned Characteristics A. Biographical Characteristics: All the human beings have certain characteristics .
Political Behavior in Organizations, the first true textbook on organizational politics, blends research, theory, experience, and skill-building into a comprehensive yet concise guide to the effective use of organizational politics.
Summarizing power and influence in organizations, author Andrew J.
DuBrin covers the nature and context of. Factors contributing to Political Behavior Individual factors (e.g., personality traits, needs) Organizational factors (e.g., when organizational resources decline, resources change, low trust exists, high performance pressures, and the opportunity of promotion exists = political behavior is likely).
The political behaviour of individuals in the organisation is influence by variety of factors. These factors can be broadly categorised into individual and organisational factors.
Individual Factors: There are individual factors where individuals play politics to satisfy their personal needs.