It is an industry accident. To understand responsibilities in this incident, we can study the actions of the players of the offshore drilling sub-industry into three — government policies by the regulatory bodies such as the MMS Mineral Management Service and other government agencies, industry practices as a whole and actions by specific companies, in this case, BP, Transocean and Halliburton. The regulatory body MMS had a clear conflict in overseeing the offshore drilling, as not only was it the body that ensured regulatory compliance, it was also financed by leases that it provided the oil companies for tracts in the Gulf of Mexico, and more importantly, MMS received royalties based on the amount of oil produced at various wells.
We are neither affiliated with the author of this essay nor responsible for its content. Oil is a product used by everyone, but sometimes oil is a problem.
An oil spill is a leakage from an oceangoing tanker, pipelines, or other oil sources. Oil spills occur very frequently, and cause enormous ecological harm.
About eight million barrels of oil are spilled each year.
Tankers usually carry about five-hundred million barrels of oil. Many animals are die and some are injured in some way. Many plants and animals are endangered, or are now extinct. The largest oil spill to occur was when the Exxon Valdez went aground and covered 4, square miles in Prince William Sound, Alaska.
This spill killed 35, sea birds, 10, otters, and at least nine whales. The spill left pools of oil up to three feet on some beaches. In December ofan Iranian tanker leaked 70, tons, about 19 million gallons of oil off of the coast of Morocco.
In January a broken Exxon pipeline leakedgallons into the New York harbor. In June ofanothergallons were spilled in New York Harbor. A tanker carrying 38 million gallons of oil caught on fire, and leaked oil into the Gulf of Mexico.
This was a very serious threat to local shrimp nurseries and wildlife refuges. In February of, gallons leaked from a damaged tanker off Southern California, fouling miles of shoreline. In the Niger River delta, in Nigeria, Shell pipelines have repeatedly burst.
In oil spilled across 8 square km, which remained contaminated for over 20 years. According to the U.
Coast guard, the incident rate post is only 0. In fact, there have been no large spills over 5, barrels from tankers in the US since The US Coast Guard data shows that the amount of oil spilled by tankers has decreased dramatically.
Worldwide pollution from tanker spills is a relatively minor source of marine pollution. It only represents a small fraction of the oil released to the environment, when it is being compared to industrial waste, non-tanker shipping, and oil seepage from natural resources.
Ships are but one part of an overall safety system that includes charting, aids to navigation, the condition of channels, and the resources that the Coast guard can bring to ensure standards are being met.
The Refuse Act, which was first enacted inmakes it a crime to allow refuse to enter navigable waters.
The Migratory Bird Treaty Act, makes it a crime to kill certain birds. These laws were not intended to apply to an oil spill, but prosecutors use them to intimidate and punish individuals without an obvious connection to a spill.
The single most positive improvement that Congress can make to the legal regime, is to amend the Refuse Act and the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, to make them inapplicable to oil spills covered in the Clean Water Act.Oct 23, · A damaged oil platform has been spouting thousands of gallons of oil into the Gulf of Mexico for almost 15 years.
Get TIME photos and pictures of the week delivered directly to your inbox. The gulf oil spill has resulted in the killing, displacement and destruction of habitat of several animal and plant species most of which are endangered (Bowman, ).
Through the different agencies responsible for marine life, the federal government can sue the companies responsible for the oil spill. The U.S. has officially recognized the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico’s the largest environmental disaster in the history of the country.
Executive Director of BP, Tony Hayward in May denied the claims of scientists about the discovery in the Gulf of Mexico the large submarine accumulations of oil. Oct 21, · NEW ORLEANS — An oil spill that has been quietly leaking millions of barrels into the Gulf of Mexico has gone unplugged for so long that it now verges on becoming one of .
The Gulf Oil Spill – Essay Sample For my paper, I have chosen to examine the topic of deep-water oil drilling, an issue that has risen to the surface in a significant way since the Deepwater Horizon oil spill off the Gulf Coast on April 20,