Print Overview Mental illness refers to a wide range of mental health conditions — disorders that affect your mood, thinking and behavior. Examples of mental illness include depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, eating disorders and addictive behaviors. Many people have mental health concerns from time to time. But a mental health concern becomes a mental illness when ongoing signs and symptoms cause frequent stress and affect your ability to function.
Let's start with leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, ALL, the most common cancer of children. When I was a student, the mortality rate was about 95 percent. Today, some 25, 30 years later, we're talking about a mortality rate that's reduced by 85 percent.
Six thousand children each year who would have previously died of this disease are cured. If you want the really big numbers, look at these numbers for heart disease.
Heart disease used to be the biggest killer, particularly for men in their 40s. Today, we've seen a percent reduction in mortality from heart disease — remarkably, 1.
AIDS, incredibly, has just been named, in the past month, a chronic disease, meaning that a year-old who becomes infected with HIV is expected not to live weeks, months, or a couple of years, as we said only a decade ago, but is thought to live decades, probably to die in his '60s or '70s from other causes altogether.
These are just remarkable, remarkable changes in the outlook for some of the biggest killers. And one in particular that you probably wouldn't know about, stroke, which has been, Mental illness understanding depression with heart disease, one of the biggest killers in this country, is a disease in which now we know that if you can get people into the emergency room within three hours of the onset, some 30 percent of them will be able to leave the hospital without any disability whatsoever.
Remarkable stories, good-news stories, all of which boil down to understanding something about the diseases that has allowed us to detect early and intervene early. Early detection, early intervention, that's the story for these successes.
Unfortunately, the news is not all good. Let's talk about one other story which has to do with suicide. Now this is, of course, not a disease, per se.
It's a condition, or it's a situation that leads to mortality. What you may not realize is just how prevalent it is. There are 38, suicides each year in the United States. That means one about every 15 minutes. Third most common cause of death amongst people between the ages of 15 and It's kind of an extraordinary story when you realize that this is twice as common as homicide and actually more common as a source of death than traffic fatalities in this country.
Now, when we talk about suicide, there is also a medical contribution here, because 90 percent of suicides are related to a mental illness: There's a long list of disorders that contribute, and as I mentioned before, often early in life. But it's not just the mortality from these disorders.
If you look at disability, as measured by the World Health Organization with something they call the Disability Adjusted Life Years, it's kind of a metric that nobody would think of except an economist, except it's one way of trying to capture what is lost in terms of disability from medical causes, and as you can see, virtually 30 percent of all disability from all medical causes can be attributed to mental disorders, neuropsychiatric syndromes.
You're probably thinking that doesn't make any sense. I mean, cancer seems far more serious. Heart disease seems far more serious. But you can see actually they are further down this list, and that's because we're talking here about disability.
What drives the disability for these disorders like schizophrenia and bipolar and depression? Why are they number one here? Well, there are probably three reasons. One is that they're highly prevalent.Mental disorders in children are quite common, occurring in about one-quarter of this age group in any given year.
The most common childhood mental disorders are anxiety disorders, depression, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ().; Although less common, developmental disorders and psychotic disorders in children can have a lifelong impact on the child and his or her family.
Mental illnesses are disorders of brain function. They have many causes and result from complex interactions between a person’s genes and their environment. The concept of a link between creativity and mental illness has been extensively discussed and studied by psychologists and other researchers for centuries.
Parallels can be drawn to connect creativity to major mental disorders including: bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, major depressive disorder, anxiety disorder, and rutadeltambor.com example, studies [which?] have demonstrated correlations between. Mental illness is any disease or condition that influences the way a person thinks, feels, behaves, and/or relates to others and to his or her surroundings.
Although the symptoms of mental illness can range from mild to severe and are different depending on the type of mental illness, a person with. Transforming the understanding and treatment of mental illnesses. Search the NIMH Website: Home.
Mental Health Information. poverty, or illness. Depression is one of the most common mental disorders in the U.S. Current research suggests that depression is caused by a combination of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological. Diagnosis. The ICD is used around the world to diagnose people with illnesses like depression.
According to the ICD, for a person to be diagnosed with depression, their symptoms have to last for at least two weeks. The symptoms must happen every day, or almost every day. These symptoms also have to cause problems in a person's life (like their work life, family life, social life, or.