No doubt, these evils have been sucking the blood of Pakistani society since the beginning of Pakistan. These ills dominate the society to such an extent that majority of masses are trapped in the net of poverty and illiteracy. There is no escaping the fact that the system of democracy relies heavily on educated society for its proper evolution, where people perceive the worth of democratic values, where people are aware of the real importance of elections. Unfortunately, in Pakistani society where most of the masses are not sure if they would have two meals a day, it would be silly and illogical to expect them to care for democratic values.
Four aspects of this definition should be noted. First, democracy concerns collective decision making, by which I mean decisions that are made for groups and that are binding on all the members of the group.
Second, this definition means to cover a lot of different kinds of groups that may be called democratic. So there can be democracy in families, voluntary organizations, economic firms, as well as states and transnational and global organizations.
Third, the definition is not intended to carry any normative weight to it. It is quite compatible with this definition of democracy that it is not desirable to have democracy in some particular context.
So the definition of democracy does not settle any normative questions. Fourth, the equality required by the definition of democracy may be more or less deep. It may be the mere formal equality of one-person one-vote in an election for representatives to an assembly where there is competition among candidates for the position.
Or it may be more robust, including equality in the processes of deliberation and coalition building. It may involve direct participation of the members of a society in deciding on the laws and policies of the society or it may involve the participation of those members in selecting representatives to make the decisions.
The function of normative democratic theory is not to settle questions of definition but to determine which, if any, of the forms democracy may take are morally desirable and when and how. For instance, Joseph Schumpeter argueschap.
XXIwith some force, that only a highly formal kind of democracy in which citizens vote in an electoral process for the purpose of selecting competing elites is highly desirable while a conception of democracy that draws on a more ambitious conception of equality is dangerous.
Others have argued that democracy is not desirable at all. To evaluate their arguments we must decide on the merits of the different principles and conceptions of humanity and society from which they proceed.
The Justification of Democracy We can evaluate democracy along at least two different dimensions: John Stuart Mill argued that a democratic method of making legislation is better than non-democratic methods in three ways: Strategically, democracy has an advantage because it forces decision-makers to take into account the interests, rights and opinions of most people in society.
Since democracy gives some political power to each, more people are taken into account than under aristocracy or monarchy. The basis of this argument is that politicians in a multiparty democracy with free elections and a free press have incentives to respond to the expressions of needs of the poor.
Epistemologically, democracy is thought to be the best decision-making method on the grounds that it is generally more reliable in helping participants discover the right decisions.
Since democracy brings a lot of people into the process of decision making, it can take advantage of many sources of information and critical assessment of laws and policies.
Democratic decision-making tends to be more informed than other forms about the interests of citizens and the causal mechanisms necessary to advance those interests.
Furthermore, the broad based discussion typical of democracy enhances the critical assessment of the different moral ideas that guide decision-makers. Many have endorsed democracy on the basis of the proposition that democracy has beneficial effects on character. Many have noted with Mill and Rousseau that democracy tends to make people stand up for themselves more than other forms of rule do because it makes collective decisions depend on them more than monarchy or aristocracy do.
Hence, in democratic societies individuals are encouraged to be more autonomous. In addition, democracy tends to get people to think carefully and rationally more than other forms of rule because it makes a difference whether they do or not.
Finally, some have argued that democracy tends to enhance the moral qualities of citizens. When they participate in making decisions, they have to listen to others, they are called upon to justify themselves to others and they are forced to think in part in terms of the interests of others.
Some have argued that when people find themselves in this kind of circumstance, they come genuinely to think in terms of the common good and justice. Hence, some have argued that democratic processes tend to enhance the autonomy, rationality and morality of participants.
Since these beneficial effects are thought to be worthwhile in themselves, they count in favor of democracy and against other forms of rule Millp.
Some argue in addition that the above effects on character tend to enhance the quality of legislation as well.Democracy is the worst form of government, except for all those other forms that have been tried from time to time???, Churchill words immortalize democracy as the way to go, but there is not one universal, agreeable definition that encompasses the concept of democracy in its entirety.
Thus, elections become a very important voice for citizens to select their leaders as that is how they participate in the process of making rutadeltambor.comr, there is more to democracy than just holding elections and electioneering.
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Electronic Democracy Essay; Electronic Democracy Essay. Words 7 Pages. HotWireds The Netizen Katz was supposed to write about how the media was affected by the Web during the Presidential election of However, Katz found early on that the Web was not an influence in politics.
“The Voice”, sees democracy as only the.