The law does not prevent a city, town or county from continuing a voluntary recycling and waste reduction program. California CA S Enacted Prohibits the sale of plastic products labeled as compostable, home compostable, or marine degradable unless it meets standard specifications. Provides for a civil penalty for a violation. California SB Enacted Requires manufacturers of compostable plastic bags to ensure that the bag is readily and easily identifiable from other bags.
Decriminalization of Domestic Violence Russia decriminalized nonaggravated battery in July of and made it an administrative offense punishable by a fine or detention. However, repeated battery and battery committed against close relatives remained punishable under the Criminal Code. Russia amended the Criminal Code once again in February of and removed the provision regarding assaulting close relatives from the article on nonaggravated battery.
As a result, violence committed against family members has also been made an administrative offense.
Only repeated instances of battery are now prosecuted as criminal offenses and punishable by criminal law. June Decriminalization of Narcotics This report provides a review of laws adopted in 16 countries with regard to legalization, decriminalization, or other forms of regulation of narcotics and other psychoactive substances.
Individual country surveys included in this study demonstrate varied approaches to the problem of prosecuting drug use, possession, manufacturing, purchase, and sale. A report on the pending charges discusses the potential penalties for those charges and the applicable burden of proof.
A status update is provided discussing the current status of the charges, investigations, and trials. June ; June Egypt: Mohammed Morsi Trial On June 30,millions of Egyptians took to the streets to protest what they considered the failed policies of former president Mohammed Morsi and on July 3 the army removed the president from power to stand trial on criminal charges.
This report provides a brief overview of the trial, which began on September 1, It discusses the alleged facts of the case, the charges Morsi faces, and sanctions that could be imposed on Morsi and his aides unders the Egyptian Penal Code if they are convicted.
Sexual Violence Against Women Violence against women has been a significant social and legal problem in Egypt for decades. The two main legislative instruments protecting women from sexual violence are the Egyptian Constitution of and the Criminal Code of and its amendments.
The Egyptian Constitution of not only preserved the rights granted to women by previous Egyptian Constitutions but also introduced more rights aimed at protecting women from other forms of violence and discrimination.
Another reform that was introduced was bargaining between the defendant and the prosecutor.
Check the Social Science Research Network to see if anyone has put up a working paper on the topic, thereby reserving it Check Legal Scholarship Network for abstracts of working-papers and articles that have been accepted for publication. UPDATE: The Law and Legal Research in Lesotho By Itumeleng Shale Itumeleng Shale is a lecturer and researcher at the National University of Lesotho. She holds an LLB from the National University of Lesotho and an LLM in Human Rights and Democratisation in Africa from the Centre for Human Rights University of Pretoria. Robots and Jobs: Evidence from US Labor Markets Daron Acemoglu, Pascual Restrepo. NBER Working Paper No. Issued in March NBER Program(s):Economic Fluctuations and Growth, Labor Studies As robots and other computer-assisted technologies take over tasks previously performed by labor, there is increasing concern about the future of jobs and wages.
In addition, the scope of evidence that must be disclosed in trials was expanded, and new measures to protect witnesses and victims were introduced. It includes information regarding the legality of khat in each jurisdiction and, where it is banned, the applicable penalties.
According to applicable tax laws or secondary sources, khat appears to be legal in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, and Yemen, but is banned in Jordan. Its status in Turkey, where it is categorized as a controlled substance, is unclear. Whereas it is legal under Turkish law to produce, sell, import, and export khat with a license, it appears that consumption of the substance is banned.
May Miranda Warning Equivalents Abroad This report contains short summaries describing warnings similar to the Miranda warning that are required in jurisdictions around the globe.
The warnings specified in the surveyed jurisdictions vary, but typically include the right to remain silent and the right to legal counsel. A number of countries also specify that a person who is arrested or detained has the right to be informed of the reasons for the arrest or detention or of the charges being brought.
In some countries, the additional right to have these things explained in a language the detainee understands is explicitly stated. Countries surveyed that have no Miranda-type warning were not included.
May Police Weapons in Selected Jurisdictions This report examines the weapons and equipment generally at the disposal of law enforcement officers in several countries around the world.
It also provides, for each of these countries, a brief overview of the rules governing the use of weapons by law enforcement officers.
|Tools for your business||Full Employment Index is a composite index that takes into account employment and unemployment levels which have an impact on human economic welfare.|
Each state and territory has its own legislation that regulates sports betting. Gambling in Great Britain is permitted and regulated by the Gambling Act Internet gambling operations fall within the purview of the Act if one piece of equipment related to online gambling is located within Great Britain.
July Training Related to Combating Human Trafficking This report describes the programs of 18 countries and the European Union involving combating human trafficking, with a special focus on the training of personnel.
A majority of the surveyed countries have laws specifically targeting the problem of human trafficking and almost all the surveyed countries are parties to relevant international instruments addressing human trafficking.State legislatures have considered a number of measures to reduce the prevalence of plastic bags at grocery stores and other businesses.
Regulating bags can mitigate harmful impacts to oceans, rivers, lakes, forests and the wildlife that inhabit them.
1. History of At-Will Employment According to various legal scholars, the doctrine of at-will employment first appeared as a statement in a legal treatise by Horace C. Wood, Master and Servant § , at pages (). Wood cited four American cases in support of his statement about at-will employment.
NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES MINIMUM WAGE INCREASES, WAGES, AND LOW-WAGE EMPLOYMENT: EVIDENCE FROM SEATTLE Ekaterina Jardim Mark C. Long Robert Plotnick. Submit a Record of Settlement online. If you have resolved an employment relationship problem and the two parties involved have reached a settlement, you can formalise the agreement by submitting a Record of Settlement online to Employment Mediation Services for a Mediator to check and sign.
1 HOT TOPICS IN LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT LAW promises to be a challenging year for labor and employment lawyers. There are more questions than . The library's holdings include comprehensive series of case law, statutes, digests, encyclopedias, periodicals, and treatises dealing with American law, a strong tax collection, microforms collections, government documents collections, and a growing body of work in environmental law, law and literature, and international law.