Privacy Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy is a form of psychotherapy that emphasizes the important role of thinking in how we feel and what we do. Definition of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Cognitive-behavioral therapist teach that when our brains are healthy, it is our thinking that causes us to feel and act the way we do.
About Fees and Insurance Introduction A professional's approach to therapy or "psychotherapeutic orientation" can be as unique as that therapist him or herself. Most therapists learn about and receive training in several approaches and specialize later in their professional development.
This training interacts with the therapist's personality and the cultural and professional environment within which he or she practices to determine that unique style that develops. Still, there are a number of recognized approaches with new ones developed all the time.
Most new approaches add a small amount that is truly new while expanding on existing approaches or combining elements of several approaches. Most approaches therefore have considerable overlap in theory and practice. There is also a school of thought, with some research to back it up, that there are common elements in all effective therapies that are responsible for the bulk of positive outcome.
For example, the quality of the therapeutic relationship, regardless of therapeutic orientation, is one factor that has been shown as necessary and sufficient for postive outcome.
There is also focus on common therapist skills such as empathic listening, reflection, and teaching that are relatively neutral in theory, as necessary components, as well as client factors such as motivation, application of learning outside of appointments, and nature of the difficulty to be addressed.
Unfortunately, psychotherapy and human change is incredibly difficult to research in a manner that can conclusively answer the question of which approach is best.
The research that has provided meaningful results has most often focused on very limited, easily defined problems that can be measured objectively.
This hardly addresses the human condition and the conflicts and struggles that people often bring to psychotherapists.
We have chosen to briefly present four major categories to help understand the most commonly identified psychotherapeutic approaches: If you are interested in pursuing these topics further, you can click on the links provided in the text, search Amazon.
Top Psychodynamic Psychotherapy Sigmund Freud is credited as the founder of psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic theory, if not modern psychology. There have been a multitude of variations that have evolved and the term most often used to broadly encompass these approaches is "Psychodynamic.
Some of the major approaches within the psychodynamic category are: Freud's original theories were based on the conflicts that he believed were at the core of human existance.
These conflicts emerge from attempts to reconcile our biological selves with our social selves. Aspects of these conflicts are unconscious and influence our behavior without our awareness. Psychodynamic therapies work to make the unconscious conscious so that we can have greater insight into our needs and behavior and therefore more control over how we allow these conflicts to affect us.
In Adlerian psychotherapy, clients are encouraged to overcome their feelings of insecurity, develop deeper feelings of connectedness, and to redirect their striving for significance into more socially beneficial directions.
Through a respectful Socratic dialogue, they are challenged to correct mistaken assumptions, attitudes, behaviors and feelings about themselves and the world. Constant encouragement stimulates clients to attempt what was previously felt as impossible.
The growth of confidence, pride, and gratification leads to a greater desire and ability to cooperate. The objective of therapy is to replace exaggerated self-protection, self-enhancement, and self-indulgence with courageous social contribution.
Carl Jung was a student of Freuds and eventually developed his own theory called "Analytical Psychology. For Jung the most important and lifelong task imposed upon any person is fulfillment through the process of individuation, achievement of harmony of conscious and unconscious, which makes a person one and whole.
The term "object-relations" refers to the self-structure we internalize in early childhood, which functions as a blueprint for establishing and maintaining future relationships.
Psychopathology is an expression of traumatic self-object internalizations from childhood acted-out in our current relationships.
Psychotherapy is the resolution of these self-destructive patterns of relating so that we can mature and self-actualize. Self psychology is Heinz Kohut's variation of object relations theory that recognizes the central importance of people's needs for relationships critical in providing necessary experiences during growth and development.
These experiences are called self-object experiences. Sufficient positive self-object experiences when the infant and child are developing facilitate the formation of a strong, cohesive self -- the core of one's personality and character.
Kohut is credited with adding the concept of "empathy" to the every day discourse of psychotherapy. Top Humanistic-Existential Psychotherapy Humanistic psychotherapy is an approach which tries to do justice to the whole person including mind, body and spirit. It represents a broad range of therapeutic methods.
Each method recognizes the self-healing capacities of the client.Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy is a form of psychotherapy that emphasizes the important role of thinking in how we feel and what we do. Definition of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.
Albert Ellis, an important contributor to the ideas behind cognitive-behavioral therapy and the founder of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT), discovered that people’s beliefs strongly.
An Introduction to Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy Dr Greg Mulhauser, Managing Editor Rational emotive behaviour therapy focuses on uncovering irrational beliefs which may lead to unhealthy negative emotions and replacing them with more productive rational alternatives.
Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy: The Basics SMART Recovery National Training Conference Phoenix, AZ REBT is also the only cognitive-behavioral therapy that encourages people to examine their philosophy of life –their goals, values, etc.
-- and how their Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy: The Basics R = Rational Most people. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a type of therapy that has been used for decades to treat a variety of disorders, from depression and anxiety to eating disorders and insomnia.
Rational emotive behavior therapy was one of the very first types of cognitive therapies. Ellis first began developing REBT during the early s and initially called his approach rational therapy. In , the technique was redubbed rational emotive therapy and later rechristened rational emotive behavior therapy in