In a way, these qualities serve to highlight the difference between Xerxes and his Greek adversaries, in particular the Spartan king who opposed him at Thermopylae, Leonidas. As may be expected, these depictions were often made by his Greek enemies. Additionally, Xerxes makes an appearance towards the end of the play.
One cuneiform text in Akkadian—the language of Mesopotamia present-day Iraq in the pre-Christian era—asserts he was the son of Cambyses, great kingking of Anshangrandson of Cyrus, great king, king of Anshan, descendant of Teispesgreat king, king of Anshan, of a family [which] always [exercised] kingship.
In any case, it is clear that Cyrus came from a long line of ruling chiefs. The most important source for his life is the Greek historian Herodotus. The idealized biography by Xenophon is a work for the edification of the Greeks concerning the ideal ruler, rather than a historical treatise.
It does, however, indicate the high esteem in which Cyrus was held, not only by his own people, the Persians, but by the Greeks and others.
Herodotus says that the Persians called Cyrus their father, while later Achaemenian rulers were not so well regarded. The story of the childhood of Cyrus, as told by Herodotus with echoes in Xenophon, may be called a Cyrus legend since it obviously follows a pattern of folk beliefs about the almost superhuman qualities of the founder of a dynasty.
Similar beliefs also exist about the founders of later dynasties throughout the history of Iran. According to the legendAstyages, the king of the Medes and overlord of the Persians, gave his daughter in marriage to his vassal in Persis, a prince called Cambyses.
From this marriage Cyrus was born. Astyageshaving had a dream that the baby would grow up to overthrow him, ordered Cyrus slain.
His chief adviser, however, instead gave the baby to a shepherd to raise. When he was 10 years old, Cyrus, because of his outstanding qualities, was discovered by Astyages, who, in spite of the dream, was persuaded to allow the boy to live.
Cyrus, when he reached manhood in Persis, revolted against his maternal grandfather and overlord. Astyages marched against the rebel, but his army deserted him and surrendered to Cyrus in bce. Croesusking of Lydia in Asia Minor Anatoliahad enlarged his domains at the expense of the Medes when he heard of the fall of Astyages, and Cyrus, as successor of the Median king, marched against Lydia.
Sardisthe Lydian capital, was captured in orand Croesus was either killed or burned himself to death, though according to other sources he was taken prisoner by Cyrus and well treated.
The Ionian Greek cities on the Aegean Sea coast, as vassals of the Lydian king, now became subject to Cyrus, and most of them submitted after short sieges.
Several revolts of the Greek cities were later suppressed with severity. Next Cyrus turned to Babyloniawhere the dissatisfaction of the people with the ruler Nabonidus gave him a pretext for invading the lowlands.
The conquest was quick, for even the priests of Mardukthe national deity of the great metropolis of Babylonhad become estranged from Nabonidus. In October bce, the greatest city of the ancient world fell to the Persians. In the Bible e. Cyrus was also tolerant toward the Babylonians and others.
He conciliated local populations by supporting local customs and even sacrificing to local deities. The capture of Babylon delivered not only Mesopotamia into the hands of Cyrus but also Syria and Palestine, which had been conquered previously by the Babylonians.Cyrus the Great was the first ruler of the Persian Empire which was created about B.C.
and he was the first ruler of the Persian Achaemenid Dynasty.
Darius, I came to power around B.C. which is where he appears on the Bible Timeline with World History. A Biography of Darius the Great a Ruler During the Achaemenid Empire PAGES 3.
WORDS View Full Essay. More essays like this: darius the great, the achaemenid empire, biography of darius the great. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University.
Exactly what I needed. - Jenna Kraig, student @ UCLA. In English, we call him Darius I, the founder of the Achaemenid Empire, the second great flourishing of the Persian Empire after his putative relative Cyrus the rutadeltambor.com was a great king and empire builder, ruling and expanding the Persian empire for some forty years between BCE and his death.
Darius I; Great King, King of Kings, King of Persia, King of Lands, King of Babylon Darius believed that Ahura Mazda had appointed him to rule the Achaemenid Empire. Darius had dualistic philosophical convictions and believed that each rebellion in his kingdom was the During Darius's Greek expedition, he had begun construction projects Successor: Xerxes I.
Darius the Great was the ruler of the Persian Empire from to B.C.E. Darius was the third ruler of the Achaemenid Dynasty, a family group that ruled the Persian Empire for over years.
The Persian satrapy of Armenia briefly cedes from the Achaemenid Empire but is brought under control by Darius I. BCE Darius I of Persia fights the Scythians (not very successfully).